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1. Always look for the name first, because names have a gender that never changes. The first thing you need to know about a name in a sentence is what declination it belongs to. This is important because you need to know which card to refer to (in your head or in your pocket) so that you can accurately identify the case and the number of the name by its ending (e.B. if you do not know to which declination periculum, periculi belongs, you could wrongly identify pericula as a singular nominative of the first declension, if it is in fact the nominative or accusative plural or the second declension. You see how dangerous this can be?) Top Note that although an adjective in gender, case, and number must match its noun, it does not necessarily have to match in declension; For example, an adjective of 3. The declension modifies a noun from the 1st or 2nd declension: Making a feminine masculine adjective is even easier. Just follow these steps: 3. Finally, check the end of the adjective: it must match the noun in case, number and gender.

The adjectives for the adjectives of the 1st/2nd declension are very similar to the nominal endings of the 1st/2nd declension (there are adjectives of the third declension that will not surprise you if you use 3rd declension emissions). To check the extension of your adjective, go to the corresponding adjective card: Gender is the attribute you must identify first. The gender of the noun dictates the gender of the adjective, so go to this memory card. Once there, draw an imaginary line in the singular or plural column and an imaginary line on the case where the name is located. The lines intersect to the right of your adjective: top a. The singular neutral can refer to either a single object or an abstract quality. 287. An adjective may, in that sense, belong to two or more names of different sex. In such cases: there are a few adjectives known as immutable adjectives that do not change in their form.

Most of them are either unusual colors or words of foreign origin. An example is web as in the página web (the website) and las páginas web (the websites). Sometimes a noun can be used as an immutable adjective, but this practice is much rarer in Spanish than in English. Spanish students will rarely need to use immutable adjectives, but you should be aware that they exist so that they don`t confuse you when you see them. mater indicates what is the singular nominative form of the word. One. Some adjectives have practically become nouns and are often modified by other adjectives or by the possessive genitive. El hombre feliz va a ascender al pico rocoso. (The lucky man will climb the rocky summit.) The singular feliz is used because there is only one man. The Rocoso Male is used because Pico is male. El is a men-specific item. Al is a contracted form of a Plus-El.

Un taco es una preparación mexicana que en su forma estándar consiste en una tortilla que contiene algún alimento dentro. (A taco is a Mexican preparation that, in its standard form, consists of a tortilla that contains food. Su is a possessive determinant or dojective that changes with number but not sex. Estándar is an immutable adjective – the same word would have been used with plural or masculine nouns.) In Spanish, we describe nouns with adjectives that correspond in relation to gender (is the masculine or feminine noun) and number (is the singular or plural noun) puerī Click here to toggle the answer: eī (if nominative plural) OR eius (if genitive singular) Note – A predicate adjective can be used with sum or a copulative verb (§ 283); it may have the construction of an acoustic predicate according to a verb of designation, vocation or similar (§ 393, note); or it may be used as a surname (§ 282.b). Be sure to translate the correct case and number for each word. Also be sure to translate adjectives with the words they modify! (How do you recognize this? In what aspects should an adjective correspond to its noun?) One last note on adjectives. Sometimes they can be used effectively as nouns, what we call the nominal use of the adjective. You will recognize the substantial use of an adjective by the fact that there is no noun with which it agrees. To complete the meaning, we simply add “men”, “women”, “people” or “things” in the sense of the adjective, depending on the sex.

Thus, bonī can replace “good men” and bonae “good women”. We will come back to this later in the semester. If the singular genitive entry ends with -ī, then the name belongs to what we call the second declension (e.B. fīlius, fīliī, m. – son). NOTE: Singular nominative forms of the second declension of masculine nouns can end in -us (e.B. fīlius) or -r (e.B. puer, ager), while singular nominative forms of the second declension usually end in -um. Nevertheless, the singular genitive of all these nouns ends in -ī, so they all belong to the second declension! Here are the paradigm diagrams for male nouns of the second declension and the second declension for neutral nouns. b.

If ambiguity arises from the substantial use of an adjective, a noun must be added. One. Two or more abstract nouns of the same sex may have a predicate adjective in the neutral plural (see § 289.c below). You will also need a deck of adjectival cards for the 1st and 2nd declination. It should be called FEMININE, one MASCULINE and one NEUTRUM. The endings are identical to the nominal cards listed above (the feminine adjective endings = 1. nominal declension endings, the masculine adjective endings = 2. the nominal declension terminations and the neutral adjective endings = 2. declensions).

El is the masculine singular of some articles (the), the is the feminine singular of some articles. Both mean “the”. One is the masculine singular of indefinite articles; una is the feminine singular of indefinite articles (“a” or “on”). Male names, of course, take a male item and require it; female names require a female item. One. For two or more nouns, the adjective is regularly plural, but often corresponds to the next (especially if it is attributive). The number tells us whether the noun in question is singular or plural. Therefore, it also plays a role in determining the form that the modifier adjective can take (more on this below). When nouns act as the subject of the sentence, the number also helps us determine the correct form of the verb (subject-verb correspondence). It works like English.

For example, you wouldn`t say “boys go to school”; On the contrary, the plural subject “boys” must have a plural verb to agree with it: “Boys go to school”. The same rule applies to certain articles (the equivalent of “the”) and indefinite articles (a class of words that contain “a”, “an” and “any” in English), which are sometimes considered types of Note: The plural of adjectives, pronouns and participles is very common in this usage. The singular is relatively rare, except in the neutral (§ 289.a and c, below) and in words that have practically become nouns. Since adjectives in form must coincide with nouns, they also decrease in gender, case, and number. Most adjectives belong to one of two main categories: 1st/2nd declension and 3rd declension. The first, 1st/2nd declension, contains 2-1-2 adjectives. The latter, the 3rd declination, is divided into three smaller categories: three dismissals, two dismissals and one dismissal. These four categories (termination 2-1-2, 3, 2, 1) are described below. Note the positions of nouns and adjectives.

Adjectives generally follow nouns, except that articles, numbers, and some other non-descriptive adjectives MUST precede the nouns they modify. Other adjectives, when placed before the noun, have a weaker strength. Ha sido un día largo entre muchas semanas largas. (It was a long day over long weeks.) The singular masculine largo is used with día because día is masculine and there is one, but the feminine plural largas is used with semanas because semana is female and there is more than one. One and muchas are indeterminate male or female items. 290. An adjective that corresponds to the subject or object is often used to qualify the effect of the verb, as is the power of an adverb. Individual subjects connect with “or”, “again”, “either.. or” or “neither..

nor ” take a singular verb. Note that although the noun episodios is not repeated, it is implied by the two adjectives otros and sad. Specifically, the -os ending of the adjectiveoteros implies a plural masculine noun; sad only requires a plural noun (that is, it could come from both sexes). If you search for an adjective in a dictionary, you will find the singular masculine form of an adjective as a given standard form. A good dictionary gives several examples of how it is used and can include sentences with the feminine or plural form. .